The Five Pillars of Islam

Islam is founded on Five Pillars.

A practising Muslim’s life is centred on these pillars.

  1. The Declaration of Faith: This is how an individual accepts Islam as their way of life. The following statement (called ‘The Shahaada’ in Arabic), must be made freely, with belief and understanding: “I bear witness that there is no deity worthy to be worshipped but Almight God, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger.” It must be noted that anyone who affirms the Prophethood of Muhammad is acknowledging all the Prophets and Messengers of God that came before him.
  2. Prayers: Daily prayers are offered five times a day as a duty toward God. They strengthen and enliven one’s belief in God and inspire individuals to develop a higher morality. They purify the heart and prevent temptation towards wrong-doings and evil.
  3. Charity (Zakah in Arabic): The literal and simple meaning of zakat is purity. The technical meaning of this word is designated to the annual distribute among the rightful beneficiaries. The religious and spiritual significance of Zakah is much deeper.
  4. Fasting in the Month of Ramadan: During Ramadan, Muslims abstain from food, drink and all sexual activities from dawn to sunset. In addition, they must refrain from evil intentions and desires throughout the whole of the year in general, and especially during the month of Ramadan. This communal fast seeks to instil within the individual feelings of love, sincerity, devotion, patience, unselfishness, and will-power, as well as to develop a sound social conscience.
  5. Hajj (Pilgrimage to Makkah): To be performed once in a lifetime, if one can afford it financially and is physically able to. The Hajj pilgrimage has its roots in the time of Prophet Abraham. It is a spiritual quest of submission to God and purification of the heart.
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